【Academic Seminar】Unraveling Limit Order Books Using Just Bid/Ask Prices
Title:Unraveling Limit Order Books Using Just Bid/Ask Prices
Speaker: Prof. Xinyun Chen, Wuhan University
Time and Date: 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm, Aug 31, 2018 (tentative)
Venue: Boardroom, Dao Yuan Building
Electronic limit order book (LOB) is now used to match sellers and buys in most financial markets, and therefore it contains important information for both traders and regulators. However, LOB data is not always available in good quality. How much of the structure of a LOB can be recovered by only observing the trade and quote (TAQ) data, which is easier to access? In this talk, we study the queueing dynamics in the LOB which, surprisingly, allows us to recover the LOB of stocks having relatively large spread with reasonable empirical accuracy. In particular, we are able to estimate the time-average order depth on almost all price levels of interest in the LOB by observing only the bid/ask price at the times of trades. As applications, we can use the result to estimate the price impact of trades and size of hidden orders. Our approach starts from a Markovian queueing model for the LOB dynamics. We apply a multi-scale analysis on the model to obtain a closed-form expression connecting the trade price change distribution and the LOB structure, which enables the recovery of LOB from the TAQ sequence. Our approach is also applicable to extended models with autocorrelated and state-dependent order flows in the LOB.
Xinyun Chen is currently an Assistant Professor in Finance at Wuhan University. She received her Ph.D in Operations Research from Columbia University in 2014. Her research interests include applied probability, Monte Carlo method and their applications in financial markets. She has published papers in journals including Annals of Applied Probability, Mathematics of Operations Research and Accounting and Finance. Before joining Wuhan University, she was an Assistant Professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at Stony Brook University and received research funding from NSF.